Answer: There are two unpaired electrons in the orbitals of carbon.
Explanation: Carbon (C), with an atomic number of 6, has an electron configuration of 1s2 2s2 2p2.
The p-subshell has three orbitals. The orbitals are px, py, and pz and each orbital can have a maximum of two electrons.
In the carbon ground-state electron configuration, the two electrons of the 2p orbital are located in the px, and py orbitals, and the spin of these two electrons is the same.
So there are two unpaired electrons in the carbon atom.
Significance: The presence of unpaired electrons in the orbitals of carbon contributes to its reactivity and its ability to form bonds with other atoms, enabling the formation of various compounds and molecules.